Traumatology - HEG Med


Transforming adversity into strength.

What is Traumatology?

Traumatology is a multidisciplinary field within medicine that is dedicated to the study, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of injuries resulting from accidents, violence, disasters, and other traumatic events. It encompasses a wide range of medical specialties, including emergency medicine, orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, critical care medicine, and rehabilitation medicine.

One of the primary focuses of traumatology is understanding the mechanisms of injury, which involves studying how different types of trauma affect the body and identifying the most effective ways to manage and treat these injuries. Traumatologists are trained to assess and stabilize patients in critical condition, often working in emergency departments and trauma centers where they provide immediate medical care to patients who have suffered severe injuries.

Traumatologists play a crucial role in long-term rehabilitation and recovery. They work closely with other healthcare professionals, such as physical therapists, occupational therapists, and social workers, to develop comprehensive treatment plans that address both the physical and psychological aspects of trauma recovery. This may involve surgical intervention to repair damaged tissues, intensive physical therapy to regain strength and mobility, and psychological support to help patients cope with the emotional impact of their injuries.

Overall, traumatology is a vital specialty that plays a critical role in saving lives, reducing disability, and restoring function for individuals who have experienced traumatic events. By combining medical expertise with compassion and dedication, traumatologists help patients navigate the challenges of recovery and rebuild their lives after injury.

Traumatology procedures encompass an extensive range of interventions designed to address various types of traumatic injuries. These procedures can broadly be categorized into surgical and non-surgical approaches. Surgical procedures involve intricate techniques aimed at repairing or reconstructing damaged tissues, bones, and organs. Non-surgical interventions, on the other hand, may include immobilization techniques, physical therapy modalities, and pharmacological treatments. Each type of procedure is tailored to the specific needs of the patient, considering factors such as the nature and severity of the injury, overall health status, and treatment goals.

Stay in hospital

1 day one night

Surgery duration

1 to 2 hours



Price list

We accept payments in Armenian Dram

Procedure types

  • Surgical Procedures in Traumatology: These procedures involve the use of advanced surgical techniques and equipment to repair fractures, stabilize dislocations, reconstruct soft tissues, and address internal injuries. 
  • Endoprosthesis of Joints: Endoprosthesis involves the surgical replacement of a damaged or diseased joint with an artificial implant, known as a prosthesis. This procedure is commonly performed in cases of severe joint degeneration, such as advanced osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, where conservative treatments have failed to provide relief. Endoprosthesis aims to restore joint function, alleviate pain, and improve quality of life for patients. Commonly replaced joints include the hip, knee, shoulder, and elbow.
  • Elimination of Pain Syndrome: Traumatic injuries often result in acute or chronic pain, which can significantly impair a patient’s quality of life. Traumatologists employ various interventions to alleviate pain, including pharmacological therapies such as analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs, and nerve blocks, as well as non-pharmacological approaches like physical therapy, acupuncture, and psychological counseling. The goal is to effectively manage pain while addressing the underlying cause of the injury.
  • Arthroscopic Operations of Large Joints: Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical technique used to diagnose and treat a variety of joint conditions. In traumatology, arthroscopic procedures are commonly performed on large joints such as the knee, shoulder, hip, and ankle. Through small incisions, a thin, flexible instrument called an arthroscope is inserted into the joint, allowing the surgeon to visualize the internal structures and perform repairs, debridement, or reconstruction as needed. Arthroscopic surgery offers advantages such as reduced trauma, faster recovery, and improved outcomes compared to traditional open procedures.
  • Conservative and Surgical Treatment of Fractures: Fractures are a common outcome of trauma, ranging from simple fractures to complex, multi-fragmented injuries. Traumatologists employ both conservative and surgical approaches to manage fractures, depending on factors such as the type, location, and severity of the fracture, as well as the patient’s overall health and functional requirements. Conservative treatments may include casting, splinting, or traction to immobilize and align the fractured bones, while surgical interventions such as open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), external fixation, or intramedullary nailing may be necessary for more complex fractures to restore anatomical alignment and stability.
  • Treatment of Various Diseases of the Musculoskeletal System: Traumatologists are trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of musculoskeletal disorders, including congenital anomalies, degenerative diseases, inflammatory conditions, and metabolic disorders affecting bones, joints, muscles, and connective tissues. Treatment modalities may include medication management, physical therapy, assistive devices, orthotic interventions, and surgical procedures tailored to each patient’s specific condition and needs.
  • Correction of Foot and Wrist Deformities, including Surgical Treatment of Hallux Valgus Diseases: Foot and wrist deformities, such as bunions (hallux valgus) and congenital anomalies, can cause pain, discomfort, and functional impairment. Traumatologists perform surgical procedures to correct these deformities, restore normal anatomy, and improve mobility and function. Surgical techniques may involve osteotomy (bone realignment), arthrodesis (joint fusion), soft tissue release, and fixation with screws or plates to stabilize the corrected structures.
  • Limb Lengthening: Limb lengthening procedures are performed to address congenital limb length discrepancies, acquired deformities, or limb shortening resulting from trauma or disease. Techniques such as distraction osteogenesis involve gradual, controlled lengthening of bone segments using external fixation devices or internal lengthening nails. This innovative approach allows for precise correction of limb length inequalities and improved functional outcomes, often in conjunction with physical therapy and rehabilitation.
  • Non-Surgical Approaches in Traumatology: Non-surgical interventions focus on conservative management strategies aimed at promoting healing and reducing pain and inflammation without the need for invasive procedures. Common non-surgical approaches include casting, splinting, traction, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and pharmacological interventions such as pain management medications and anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Emergency Procedures in Traumatology: Emergency procedures are performed urgently to stabilize patients with life-threatening injuries or conditions. These interventions are aimed at addressing immediate threats to life and limb, such as controlling hemorrhage, maintaining airway patency, decompressing tension pneumothorax, and stabilizing pelvic fractures.

What to expect


Gagik Bdoyan


Karapet Momjyan


Karen Martirosyan


Hayk Aghamalyan


Karen Manukyan


Frequently asked questions

In traumatology, you often encounter fractures (broken bones), sprains (injuries to ligaments), strains (injuries to muscles or tendons), dislocations (joint injuries), contusions (bruises), lacerations (cuts), concussions (brain injuries), and internal organ injuries.

The recovery period varies greatly depending on factors like the severity of the injury, your overall health, and the type of treatment received. There’s no one-size-fits-all answer, as it differs from person to person.

Yes, there are risks like infection, bleeding, nerve damage, slow wound healing, and post-operative pain. However, healthcare providers take steps to minimize these risks and ensure your safety throughout the process.

Preparation involves following instructions provided by your healthcare team, which may include guidelines on fasting, managing medications, and accessing support for coping with any emotional stress related to the procedure.

During trauma procedures, healthcare professionals will typically conduct diagnostics, plan your treatment, and then carry out either surgical or non-surgical interventions. It’s a coordinated effort that emphasizes precision and collaboration among specialists.

Rehabilitation is crucial for restoring your functional abilities, mobility, and overall quality of life. Through various therapies and support services, it helps you regain independence and improve your long-term outcomes.

Your healthcare team will provide strategies for managing pain, which may include medication, wound care, and making adjustments to your lifestyle to promote comfort and facilitate healing.

Long-term effects vary depending on factors like the type of injury and treatment received. It’s important to continue with follow-up care, monitoring, and lifestyle adjustments to maintain your health and well-being over time.

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